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Arbia', 07 Dzul Qa'dah 1435 (Tuesday, Septtember 2nd, 2014)
Syair Nasehat Kepada Anak
Syair Nasehat Kepada Anak
Poem is not solely the rhythmic form of words coming out of humanís creativity in arranging words and their imagination, but it is a way to express their impression and expression about society. On the other words, poem is not only for entertainment interest, but also a medium to deliver and to pass on social value to society.

Syair Nasehat Kepada Anak that was written by Raja Ali Haji is parental advice for children. On this poem, he shared the description about social intercourse that will be practiced by the children. Many words in form of advice, notice, and human being guidelines are beautifully written out on this poem.

Drawing the main advice of this poem, at least there are five important points stated by Raja Ali Haji such as below:

  1. Leadership. A leader, according to Raja Ali Haji, must be creative, diligent, firm, self confidence, and have responsibility and ability to control.
  2. Ethic. A Muslim must have good moral by respecting other people, teacher, and keeping on good saying at all time.
  3. Adaptive. A leader will be success if he can be adaptive well based on his role.
  4. High motivated learner. A savvy leader tends to be humble, meek, and his existence always brings beneficence for everyone.
  5. Quietistic. Humanís desire can lead to a better human being by condition of the leader can keep his desire in a straight way. Otherwise, it will be destroyer when a leader cannot keep it well.

Therefore, everyone must be capable of avoiding badness, doing good deed, and practicing religious matters.

Below are parts of Syair Nasehat Kepada Anak:

Dengarkan tuan ayahanda berperi,
Kepada anakanda muda bestari,
Jika benar kepada diri,
Masihat kebajikan ayahanda beri.

Ayuhai anakanda muda remaja,
Jika anakanda mengerjakan raja,
Hati yang betul hendaklah disahaja,
Serta rajin pada bekerja.

Mengerjakan gubernemen janganlah malas,
Zahir dan batin janganlah culas,
Jernihkan hati hendaklah ikhlas,
Seperti air di dalam gelas.

Jika anakanda menjadi besar,
Tutur dan kata janganlah kasar,
Janganlah seperti orang sasar,
Banyaklah orang menaruh gusar.

Tutur yang manis anakanda tuturkan,
Perangai yang lembut anakanda lakukan,
Hati yang sabar anakanda tetapkan,
Kemaluan orang anakanda fikirkan.

Kesukaan orang anakanda cari,
Supaya hatinya jangan lari,
Masyurlah anakanda dalam negeri,
Sebab kelakuan bijak bestari.

Nasehat ayahanda anakanda fikirkan,
Keliru syaitan anakanda jagakan,
Orang berakal anakanda hampirkan,
Orang jahat anakanda jauhkan.

Setelah orang besar fikir yang karu,
Tidak mengikut pengajaran guru,
Tutur dan kata haru-biru,
Kelakuan seperti anjing pemburu.

Tingkah dan laku tidak kelulu,
Perkataan kasar keluar selalu,
Tidak memikirkan orang empunya malu,
Bencilah orang hilir dan hulu.

Itulah orang akalnya kurang,
Menyangka diri pandai seorang,
Takbur tidak membilan orang,
Dengan manusia selalu berperang.

Anakanda jauhkan kelakukan ini,
Sebab kebencian Tuhan Rahmani,
Jiwa dibawa ke sana sini,
Tiada laku suatu dewani.

Setengah yang kurang akal dan bahasa,
Sangatlah gopoh hendak berjasa,
Syarak dan adat kurang periksa,
Seperti harimau mengejar rusa.

Ke sana ke mari langgar dan rampuh,
Apa yang terkena habislah roboh,
Apa yang berjumpa lantas dipelupuh,
Inilah perbuatan sangat ceroboh.

Patut juga mencari jasa,
Kepada raja yang itu masa,
Tetapi dengan budi dan bahasa,
Supaya negeri ramai temasya.

Apabila perintah lemah dan lembut,
Semua orang suka mengikut,
Serta dengan malu dan takut,
Apa-apa kehendak tidak tersangkut.

Jika mamerintah dengan cemeti,
Ditambah dengan perkataan mesti,
Orang menerimanya sakit hati,
Barangkali datang fikir hendak mati.

Inilah nasehat ayahanda tuan,
Kepada anakanda muda bangsawan,
Nafsu yang jahat anakanda lawan,
Supaya kita jangan tertawan.

Habislah nasehat habislah kalam,
Ayahanda memberi tabik dan salam,
Kepada Orang Masihi dan Islam,
Mana-mana yang ada bekerja di dalam.

(Raja Ali Haji)

Thatís all Syair Nasehat Kepada Anak by Raja Ali Haji. It gives abundant beneficence for everyone who learns and understands it. Otherwise, it is solely the composition of words that is beautifully arranged in a poem consisting of four lines of each couplet, when it is only read physically at a glance.

(NI/ter/RAH/03/05-08)

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* Syair nasihat Kepada Anak" was quoted from http://library.usu.ac.id

Photos: Some Collections of the Center for Research and Development of Malay Culture (BKPBM)
               One of Mahyudin Al MudraĎs Collections, painted by Firdaus Alamhudi (Original)
               Title: "Mengaji dengan Mata Hati," ("Reciting Quran at Heart"), Feather Painting: 80 x 122, 1995
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